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DR BARRY TRIESTMAN, D.C.

11464 E Ridge Rd

Truckee, CA 96161

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Tel: 530-550-1688

Fax: 530-550-1688

Ankle sprains in Truckee Tahoe


Ankle Sprains are also known as twisted ankle, sprained ankle, ankle injury, ankle strain.


Approximately 14% of all athletic injuries are ankle sprains and if not taken care of properly can lead to long term chronic ankle pain. The most common type is the inversion ankle sprain, in which the ankle rolls over on the outside. And you stretch and/or tear these ligaments. There is generally pain on the outside of the ankle. It can happen while hiking, playing sports walking on uneven surfaces, cross country skiing and dancing. All the usual things we do in the Truckee Tahoe area.
Sprained ankle causes:
A short or tight posterior calf muscles
Scar Tissue
Poor rehabilitation of a previous sprained ankle
Poor proprioception (proprioception is the ability to sense where a joint is .... if you don’t know where your ankle is, the muscles will not be able to prevent the ankle sprain)
Weak muscles (they are just not strong enough to prevent the sprain from occurring)
Poor control of the muscles and joints

First degree ankle sprain:
 

Some stretching or mild tearing of the ligament.This pain would be on the outside of the ankle just below, in front of and in back of the lateral malleolus (commonly known as the ankle bone)
Little or no functional loss - the joint can still function and you can walk but with pain without limp
Mild pain
Some swelling
Some joint stiffness.
Takes 2-4 weeks to properly heal

Second degree ankle sprain:

Significant tearing of the ligament up to 75%
Moderate instability of the joint i.e. the joint feels loose
Moderate to severe pain - weight bearing is very painful in the above areas and onto the top of the foot and up the outside of the lower leg
Can not walk without severe pain
Swelling and stiffness
Muscle involvement indicated by the pain goes up the side of the leg
Takes 6-10 weeks to heal

Third degree ankle sprain:

Total rupture of a ligament - there is a loss of motion
Gross instability of the joint - joint function is lost
Severe pain initially followed by no pain
Severe swelling
Takes 16 to 20 weeks to heal

Common causes
  • Improper movement 

  • Abnormal biomechanics 

  • Imbalance muscles 

  • Previous trauma injury 

  • Repetitive micro trauma 

  • Adhesions/scar tissue of Gluteals, Hamstrings, Psoas, Para-spinals

  • Spinal misalignment/subluxation of the Lumbar spine and Pelvis

  • Tight muscles 

  • Acute trauma 

  • Overuse injury 

  • Poor posture 

  • Arthritis

Solutions